NHK (日本放送協会 / Nippon Hōsō Kyōkai, officially called the Japan Broadcasting Corporation in English) is Japan's national public broadcaster with a number of television and radio stations. Like some other national broadcasters such as the BBC, it is funded through a licence fee paid by anyone who owns a TV. NHK is a source of many interesting programmes, particularly documentaries, anime and educational shows, as well as fairly unbiased news in Japanese and English.
NHK's two main channels are NHK General TV (NHK G) and NHK Educational TV (NHK E). NHK G has a mix of programmes and news, while NHK E focuses on more educational material like language learning, science and hobbies. Both can be received all over Japan and are available in rooms at Toukaisou. Both channels are high definition.
Local news is broadcast on NHK G at 8:30 PM on weekdays followed by the weather just before the hour. Local news is in Japanese only. National and international news starts at 9:00 PM and is available in both Japanese and English. A button on most TV removes allows you to select the language. Some other programmes on NHK channels also have dual language broadcasts.
World is a satellite station broadcast in many parts of the world, including Europe. In the UK it is available on Freesat channel 209 in high definition. Programmes are broadcast in English, most of which are either news or originate from NHK's Japanese channels. Programming is a mix of news, documentaries and educational titles. Sometimes this includes Japanese lessons. If you are interested in Japan or Japanese culture NHK World is well worth a look, particularly "Begin Japanology / Japanology Plus".